Current Research

The increased interest in governance with government rather than governance by government has garnered much attention in the study of alternative governance approaches in environmental policy and management. Yet questions remain about their emergence and diffusion. Why do some firms and organizations participate and not others? What explains different levels of effort and performance? Do they work? If so, by how much? Who/which group gains or loses?

To answer these questions, my research bridges the fields of economics, public policy, and management. I have been, and am, involved in projects that investigate the emergence, evolution, and impacts of voluntary approaches and market-based policies across sectors and in rich and poor countries. My work has examined the interaction between public and private provisions of public goods, the role of markets, institutions, and political economy considerations in policymaking and policy design. I have also considered the implications of alternative governance approaches on social equity and environmental justice and the role of cities and local governments.

I collect novel data and use a variety of research methods. My methodological interests and expertise include quasi-experimental approaches, survey-based techniques, multilevel/hierarchical modeling, discrete-continuous choice modeling, dynamic panel modeling, time series analysis, big data techniques for causal inference, and systematic interviews with key stakeholders to explore causal mechanisms.

Trees changing their leaves to a golden color at Flagstaff, Arizona. Photo by Joseph Huang.

Photo by Joseph Huang.


Hsueh, Lily. 2020. “Expanding the Multiple Streams Framework to Explain the Formation of Diverse Voluntary Programs: Evidence from U.S. Toxic Chemical Use Policy.” Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 10: 111-123.

Hsueh, Lily. 2015. “Regulatory Effectiveness and the Long-Run Policy Horizon: The Case of U.S. Toxic Chemical Use.” Environmental Science & Policy 52 (October): 6–22.

Hsueh, Lily. 2013. “Beyond Regulations: Industry Voluntary Ban in Arsenic Use.” Journal of Environmental Management 131 (December): 435–46.

Chen, Yifan, Stuart Bretschneider, Justin Stritch, Nicole Darnall, and Lily Hsueh. 2021. “E-procurement System Adoption in Local Governments: The Role of Procurement Complexity and Organizational Structure." Public Management Review 24(6): 903-925.

Stritch, Justin, Stuart Bretschneider, Nicole Darnall, Lily Hsueh, and Yifan Chen. 2020. "Sustainability Policy Objectives, Centralized Decision Making and Efficiency in Public Procurement Processes." Sustainability 12 (17), 6934: 1-17.

Hsueh, Lily, Stuart Bretschneider, Justin Stritch, and Nicole Darnall. 2020. “Implementation of Sustainable Public Procurement in Local Governments: A Measurement Approach.” International Journal of Public Sector Management 33 (6/7): 697-712.

Stritch, Justin, Nicole Darnall, Lily Hsueh, Stuart Bretschneider. 2018. “Promoting Public Sector Sustainability through Procurement,” IEEE Engineering Management Review 46 (1): 128-131.



Hsueh, Lily. 2020. “Calling all Volunteers: Industry Self-regulation on the Environment.” In Handbook of U.S. Environmental Policy, edited by David M. Konisky, 243–256. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Hsueh, Lily, and Aseem Prakash. 2012. “Private Voluntary Programs on Climate Change: U.S. Federal Government as the Sponsoring Actor.” In Business and Climate Policy: The Potentials and Pitfalls of Private Voluntary Programs, edited by Karsten Ronit, 77–110. United Nations University Press.


Natural Disasters, Extreme Events, Environmental Justice, and Decentralized Approaches

Yu, Suyang and Lily Hsueh. "Do Wildfires Exacerbate COVID-19 Infection and Mortality in Vulnerable Communities? Evidence from California." Under Review.

Hsueh, Lily. "Multilevel and Alternative Governance Approaches to Distributional (In)Equity in Energy Infrastracture and Climate Adaptation."

Hsueh, Lily, Marion Neukam, Brian Gerber, and Sophie Bollinger. “Towards a Sustainable Innovative Strategy in the Face of Natural Hazard Disruption: Understanding Interactions Between Managers and Employees.”

Hsueh, Lily. “How Does Participation in FEMA’s Community Rating System Impact Local Employment Recovery After Floods?”

Industry Self-regulation and Global Climate Change

Hsueh, Lily. "Learning about Climate Change: How Global Private and Domestic Governance Interactions Drive Corporate Social Responsibility on Climate Change."

Hsueh, Lily. “Is Voluntary Climate Action by Firms Good, Bad or Neutral for Jobs? Evidence from S&P 500 Firms’ Renewable Energy Production and Use.”

Energy Policy and Tecnological Innovation

Cho, Eugene and Lily Hsueh. "Does Energy Policy Induce Technological Innovation? A Market-based Analysis on the Link between Energy Policy and Innovation in OECD Countries."